Best Acne Scarring Treatment Options
As your skin is exposed to the harsh particles of the environment regularly, it becomes prone to acne and acne scars. There are numerous kinds of acne scars, and each of them requires a separate method of treatment.
Acne and acne scar treatment depends on the skin type, acne scar type and estimated recovery time. A skin specialist differentiates the acne scarring treatment based on morphologic conditions and seriousness of acne and acne scars.
The treatment highly depends on the skin type, as every acne and acne scars treatment is not suitable for all skin types and can cause inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Therefore, it is vital to ensure which treatment works on your skin before undergoing any therapy.
Types of Acne and Acne Scars
#1 Boxcar Scars
Boxcar scars appear as peripheral knocked out scars with needle-like vertical fringe around cross sections. These scars often look like disc-shaped or oval pieces when seen from the top.
#2 Macular Scars
Due to severe acne, the enlarged area experiences reduction in pigmentation, known as Macular scars. This injury is unique as it does not show any mark, cut or raised scars on the skin, but many customers suffering from this problem term this as a scar.
#3 Rolling Scars
Rolling scars look like sea waves, giving a texture of rolling up and down on the skin. It is usually caused by retraining the skin to reveal formation under the upper skin level.
#4 Ice-Pick Scars
Tiny yet cavernous holes in your skin are known as Ice-pick scars. These scars attained their name as “ice-pick scars” due to their similarity to the depression left by an icepick.
#5 Deep Divots
Deep divots are extensively deep scars that comprise of subcutaneous tissue loss and bottomless holes.
#6 Keloid Scars
In keloid scars, the acne scars are raised, deep red in colour and inordinate as compared to the original acne.
#7 Hypertrophic Scars
It is a cutaneous condition which when combined with hyperpigmentation creates hypertrophic scars. Excessive amounts of collagen get stored underneath the skin.
Skin Care and Treatment for Acne Scarring
In laymen language, acne can be defined as changes in skin tone or skin pigmentation. It can occur on any skin type but usually found more on the oily skin type. The severity of acne and acne scars are categorised under four categories, and the treatments are measured by its categorisation.
One of the severe issues with skin is Hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation is caused when the skin darkens in colour due to an excess production of melanin which forms deposits in the skin. Most common hyperpigmentation is the after effect of skin inflammation due to acne, thus known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. The occurrence of red skin is common after acne lesion; however, sometimes the loss of pigmentation or hyperpigmentation can become permanent.
Sometimes the visible results of acne subside by time, but it may take over one full year to completely diminish. Therefore, customers prefer to conduct some treatment to get rid of acne and acne scars. Customers can either opt for laser and non-laser treatments for acne blemishes removal, depending on the severity of the scarring.
Acne Scars: Non-Laser Treatments
#1 Surgical Skin Needling
One of the oldest and effective acne blemishes treatment is surgical skin needling. It is used to treat the superficial acne scarring by penetrating the skin with many thin and fine needles of approximately 3mm in length, attached to a tiny rolling pin. This method restores the collagen production and helps in clearing and uplifting any notch or atrophic scar noticeable on the skin. This is one of those acne and scar treatments which can be applied to any skin type, including dark or olive skin.
This method includes a somewhat similar way of treating acne and acne scars like surgical skin needling. However, it is less invasive and less effective when compared to surgical needling method. Additionally, it requires other treatments to get desired results.
#3 Chemical Peels
Chemical peels vary from superficial to deep penetrating methods, depending on the seriousness of scars. Medium to deep chemical peels are used to achieve desired results but a continuous application of superficial chemical peels for a longer period can get you significant results.
Mild acne scarring is treated with the microdermabrasion technique. Experts bring the skin into contact with a diamond coated head by using a gentle vacuum and scrapes the top layer of dead skin. The process helps to stimulate collagen production. Around 10+ treatment sessions are required to see visible results.
IPL, also short for Intense Pulse Light is another non-invasive technology used by our professionals to treat acne scars. It uses a high-powered laser light that penetrates through the skin to essentially burn it off and stimulate new skin growth. Once the area has healed and the redness goes, the effects are almost immediate. Acne scars and blemishes begin to fade and are comparably less noticeable than before. IPL can give clients a mild snapping sensation with each session normally lasting from 20 to 30 minutes. Specialists recommend using sunscreen on the area being treated as well as for at least 2 months after treatment is complete.
#6 YAG Laser
YAG laser is a widely used and popular skin technique used for treating pitted acne facial scars. They use infra-red lasers to stimulate cells by heating them up and targeting and removing the scar tissue. This is effective for resurfacing the skin and making it look more smoothed out.
Thermage is very effective in generating new collagen and improving the texture of your skin. This is excellent for treating acne scars as it can tighten and smooth the skin out. Clients experience a brief hot sensation during the procedure and then a pulsing cool sensation. You can see results within weeks, but long-term results can take anywhere from 3 to 6 months. The other great thing about this treatment is there is no downtime.
RF also known as radio frequency treatment is also successful in tightening and rejuvenating skin and reducing acne scarring. The procedure uses a combination of radio frequency and dermal rolling/stamping to break down scar tissue. There is also no downtime involved and it can take 3 to 5 treatments to see effective and lasting results.
Other than the methods mentioned above, there are other vital factors that you should consider before going under a skin treatment. Our skin specialists and nurses at XARA Skin Clinic are well experienced and highly concerned about your skin. To know your skin type, severeness of acne and acne scars, and required treatment contact us for your elementary skin consultation at +61 (02) 9420 9777.